SC2033 – ShellCheck Wiki

See this page on GitHub


Shell functions can't be passed to external commands. Use separate script or sh -c.

Problematic code:

foo() { bar --baz "$@"; frob --baz "$@"; };
find . -exec foo {} +

Correct code:

find . -exec sh -c 'bar --baz "$@"; frob --baz "$@";' -- {} +


Shell functions are only known to the shell. External commands like find, xargs, su and sudo do not recognize shell functions.

Instead, the function contents can be executed in a shell, either through sh -c or by creating a separate shell script as an executable file.


If you're intentionally passing a word that happens to have the same name as a declared function, you can quote it to make shellcheck ignore it, e.g.

nobody() {
  sudo -u "nobody" "$@"

ShellCheck is a static analysis tool for shell scripts. This page is part of its documentation.