SC2068 – ShellCheck Wiki

See this page on GitHub


Double quote array expansions to avoid re-splitting elements.

Problematic code:

cp $@ ~/dir

Correct code:

cp "$@" ~/dir


Double quotes around $@ (and similarly, ${array[@]}) prevents globbing and word splitting of individual elements, while still expanding to multiple separate arguments.

Let's say you have four arguments: baz, foo bar, * and /*/*/*/*

"$@" will expand into exactly that: baz, foo bar, * and /*/*/*/*

$@ will expand into multiple other arguments: baz, foo, bar, file.txt, otherfile.jpg, and (eventually) a list of most files on the system

Since the latter is rarely expected or desired, ShellCheck warns about it.


When you want globbing of individual elements.

ShellCheck is a static analysis tool for shell scripts. This page is part of its documentation.