SC2229 – ShellCheck Wiki

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This does not read foo. Remove $/${} for that, or use ${var?} to quiet.

Problematic code:

read $foo

Correct code:

read foo


read takes a variable name, but shellcheck has noticed that you give it an expanded variable instead. This will populate whatever the variable expans to instead of the variable itself. For example:

read $foo   # Reads data into 'bar', not into 'foo'
read foo    # Reads data into 'foo'


If this is intentional and you do want to read a variable through an indirect reference, you can silence this warning with a directive:

# shellcheck disable=SC2229
read "$foo"

Or take advantage of the fact that ShellCheck only warns when no parameter expansion modifiers are applied:

read "${foo}"    # ShellCheck warns
read "${foo?}"   # No warning

${foo?} fails when foo is unset, which is fine since read would have failed too. The main side effect is an improved runtime error message in that case.

ShellCheck is a static analysis tool for shell scripts. This page is part of its documentation.