SC2248 – ShellCheck Wiki

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Warn about double quoting even when variables don't contain special characters.

This is an optional suggestion. It must be explicitly enabled with a directive enable=quote-safe-variables in a # shellcheck comment or .shellcheckrc

Problematic code:

subdir='example'

cd ${subdir}

Correct code:

subdir='example'

cd "${subdir}"

Rationale:

Shellcheck normally warns about unquoted variable use due to potential globbing or word splitting issues. See SC2086 for details. However if it is determined that a variable does not have have spaces or special characters it will omit that warning. This optional warning exists to suggest that quotes be used even in this scenario. If the code is later changed such that special characters can appear in the variable, having its use already quoted will prevent issues.

This optional warning is also helpful if shellcheck's analysis of the variable contents is wrong because of indirect modification of the variable or because unknown commands implemented as shell functions have modified the variable.


ShellCheck is a static analysis tool for shell scripts. This page is part of its documentation.