SC2257 – ShellCheck Wiki

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Arithmetic modifications in command redirections may be discarded. Do them separately.

Problematic code:

curl "$URL" > "image$((i++)).jpg"

Correct code:

curl "$URL" > "image$i.jpg"


You are using an arithmetic expression that modifies a variable, e.g. $((x+=1)) or $((x++)), in the name of a file to redirect from/to, in a here document, or in a here string.

The scope of these modifications depends on whether the command itself will fork:

echo foo > $((var++)).txt  # Updates in BusyBox and Bash
cat  foo > $((var++)).txt  # Updates in Busybox, not in Bash
gcc  foo > $((var++)).txt  # Does not update in either

gcc() { /opt/usr/bin/gcc "$@"; }
gcc  foo > $((var++)).txt  # Now suddenly updates in both

Rather than rely on knowing which commands do and don't fork, or are and aren't overridden, simply do the updates in a separate command as in the correct code.


If you know your variable is scoped the way you want it, you can ignore this warning.

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